Physiotherapy is the science of rehabilitation. Physiotherapy is a health care profession that aims to restore functional movement and increase the quality of life for people with physical impairments or disabilities. Physiotherapy includes assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of patients in many specialties: orthopedics-traumatology, neurology, rheumatology, pediatrics, gynecology, cardiology, pneumatology, sports injuries, etc.
Physiotherapy in Orthopedics Physiotherapy deals with the treatment of disorders and injuries of the muscular and skeletal system, including post-surgical rehabilitation, orthopedics, torsions, fractures, sports injuries, as well as amputations. Treatment includes therapeutic exercise, neuromuscular re-education, electrical muscle stimulation and specific exercises.
Physiotherapy in Neurology Physiotherapy in neurology is a field focused on working with individuals who have neurological disorders. These include:
- Cerebral injuries
- Different paralysis
- Spinal cord injuries, etc.
These are impairments of vision, balance, daily life activities, movement, muscle strength and loss of functional independence.
Physiotherapy in Rheumatology Physiotherapy treats almost all rheumatic diseases, including:
- Lower back pain
- Rheumatoid arthritis and many others.
Physiotherapy in Pediatrics Pediatric physiotherapy helps in the early detection of health problems in children and uses a wide variety of modalities to treat congenital or acquired disorders of neuromuscular and skeletal development. Treatment focuses on improving motor skills, balance, and coordination, as well as cognitive and sensory development.
Physiotherapy in Geriatrics (problems in older adults) Physiotherapy helps with the well-being of the elderly. This age is affected by many diseases such as arthritis, osteoporosis Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc., which require necessary physiotherapeutic treatment.
Physiotherapy treats cardio-pulmonary disorders, including:
- Heart attack
- Post-surgery of the coronary arteries
- Chronic obstructive lung diseases
- Pulmonary fibrosis. The manual therapy used in this area is performed to help clear lung secretions.
Sports injuries The role of physiotherapeutic treatment in this field is very important. The treatment consists of training with special exercises, recovery of the athlete, to prevent the recurrence of the injury. Physiotherapy treatment is based on scientific research and medical ethics. The treatment is guided by the assessment, based on the needs of the patient, using different technical methods, which serve to improve the condition. Treatment techniques are used to promote the ability and quality of movement, decrease pain, restore function, and prevent limitation of movement. Work is done with programs oriented towards healthy well-being and an active life. Services should be provided to maintain and restore functional ability and maximum mobility.
Therapeutic treatment includes:
- Special exercises
- Manual therapy
- Relaxation techniques
- Various advice.